a century later, relics emerge from a war frozen in time
Greetings from Cercen Pass.
It is windy and the highest mountain is covered with snow.
We wait for peace, but bad weather, high altitude. . .
Only our death can bring peace.
From May 28, 1916, Diary of CD.
A soldier in the Trentino region of Italy\'s first cold war was during the First World War.
Italy and Australia
The Hungarian army clashed at an altitude of 12,000 feet metres. 3,600 meters)
Low temperature-22°F (-30°C)
In granbianca, or the White War, named after its cold theater.
Never fought before on such towering peaks or in such cold conditions.
Now, a century later, as remains and bodies melt from cold graves, the warming world is revealing the buried past.
Italy launched a war in May 23, 1915.
It aims to annex several areas, especially those inhabited by Italians controlled by Australia.
Over the next three years, the army fought and died on the border from Trantino to the Adriatic Sea.
Perhaps the most striking thing, however, is the White War, a series of wars that cannot happen, eventually chaos, invasion, motor feats and engineering coups.
Italy and Australia work under brutal conditions
The Hungarians razed the peaks to the ground, opened the roads, dug tunnels, built ropeways, laid telephone lines, and transported a large amount of material to the heights to fight, but also for the daily needs of thousands of living soldiers.
In places where only shepherds, wild herbal hunters and climbers venture.
Although officers usually live in old mountain shelters, the entire shantytowns are built, and some are equipped with piano and piano.
In malmorada, the highest mountain in dolomidi, the Austrian Corps of Engineers built a complete \"ice city\", a complex of tunnels, dormitories and storage rooms dug from the depths of the glacier
Nevertheless, they can only do so much about unforgivable factors.
\"In the narrative of this period, in the war, whether they were Austrians or Italians, we found the same story, it tells the story of the terrible University of Milan researcher caused by lack of sleep, torture and heavy snow, and the author of the Italian book on mountaineering history, Stefano molorini said.
The enemy got second place.
In fact, the real opponent is nature itself. \"Austro-
Hungarian soldiers marched in the snow.
In the war diary and other reports about the soldiers on both sides, \"We found the same story about the terrible difficulties caused by lack of sleep, torture and heavy snowfall, stefano Morosini, author of Italian mountaineering history, said.
The picture shows the founder and chairman of the white society of war history, sdorico Italiano de la di rovitaco Barbi Museum, who says there is only one --
Of the 150,000 men who died on the high mountain front, the third was the victim of the battle.
The rest died from diseases caused by avalanches, landslides, freezing injuries and extreme cold.
Fighting on the front line-
Line site \"cavento!
The tower of loyalty is frozen in the deep ice.
Burning Wild fires of proud enemies around you.
Kono di cavento, you are high up and give a warning to the wimpy!
Diary of the Australian War, April 3, 1917
Hungarian Lieutenant Felix hehte von elledorm at 11,051-foot-high (3,368 meters)
Keno di cavento
Its eastern slopes are slowly rising along the vedritadires glacier.
On the west side, the face of the mountain fell straight into the valley.
After Italy\'s first attack on Alpine
On April 1916, Kono di cavento became the front line of Austrian defense.
On February 1917, 23-year-old Lieutenant casserjie, Felix hehte von Eldayear-
The old officer from Vienna is responsible for the command of the garrison.
His aim is to strengthen defense and import heavy artillery.
According to his order, the \"excavator\" from Australia\"
With the help of Russian prisoners, the Hungarian Corps of Engineers blew up the surrounding rocks with explosives and dug a tunnel on the top of the mountain.
A vintage photo of the adamillo lookout shows the dangerous aspects of war at high altitude.
Pictured in stoico Italiano de la di loverleto, this is the labor of a real sisiver: the snowfall destroyed for weeks
Hungarian soldiers fell in the cold or were injured by mines.
With temperatures hovering below zero, night reconnaissance missions are both an adventure and a torment.
Heightened tension is expected to fight the \"Tiger\" because of Australia-
Hungary is known as Alpini.
Hecht wrote that when the explosion of the enemy\'s fire scared him, he could sometimes recognize their white uniform in the snow.
On June 15, 1917, about 1,500 Alpinis attacked Kono di cavento from three sides, surrounding most of the garrison in herhte.
The lieutenant was killed when he came out from the relative security of the gallery to try to prevent the soldiers from escaping.
Italian captain Fabrizio Battanta, known as the \"capanto robber\", found Hecht\'s diary and carried it with him. (
Years later, Hecht\'s special shorthand was deciphered, translated and published.
Today, the original is kept in a museum in Spiazzo. )
The body of Hecht was most likely thrown into the crack but never found.
The soldiers drilled holes in the ice to place explosives and began a large-scale mission to dig the tunnel under the enemy\'s defense line.
In the dolomidi islands, the Austrian team of engineers dug out a complete \"Ice City\" from the glacier, a complex of tunnels, dormitories and warehouses.
The picture shows the National Museum of Australia in June 1918.
The Hungarians came out of the tunnel where they dug the glacier and brought Kono di cavento back.
But later that month, the Italians resumed their operations and managed to retake the summit.
This time they insisted on the end of the war.
The last garrison in Alpini left Kono di cavento a few weeks after the armistice agreement at the ancient villa came into effect on November 4, after which thousands of soldiers returned home.
After the army left, the glacier was abandoned again.
The only people who venture there are those who go on foot to collect the remaining war materials, mainly metal, and resell \"salvagers\" in pounds \".
After these items were copper, brass, and lead in large, unexploded bombs.
92-\"We brought a mallet and will knock the bomb in a very precise place so that the shell will break . \"year-
Before his recent death, old Jacinto Capelli, one of the last migrant workers, recalled.
\"If we make a mistake, the powder left in it may explode on our faces.
Work is too hard.
We went back to the mountain with up to 70 kilograms [150 pounds]on our backs.
But there was no job in the village and the migrant workers made a lot of money.
When I first came home with 320 lira, my father jumped up happily and cried, \"Now we can have corn porridge all year round ! \"!
\"A grenade shell used as a light was suspended in a deep passage of the Kono di cavento garrison.
The Austrian dug the military post into the rock;
The Italian conquered it twice.
Visitors can now enter the cave.
Photograph by National Geographic magazine Stefano Torrione
The White War artifacts found by businessmen like Capelli in Italy have been planted in several small museums.
For hikers and history lovers, the memory of war is still a powerful attraction.
Fortunately, Kono di cavento holds almost perfectly preserved resettlement sites, communication trenches, and barbed remains.
Wire fence, embr and shed.
The remains of the war continue due to climate changeemerge.
The glacier is moving and retreating as it melts.
Fifteen years ago, climbers who ventured onto Kono di cavento found it possible to enter Australia
The Hungarian garrison is again.
\"We know it\'s there.
We have taken note of this, \"said Marco gramera of the degli alpinisti trideni Association. SAT)
Alpine Club in Trantino
\"Since the turn of the century, we have begun to resume positions in Austria.
On 2005, as part of a massive protest, we took 80 people to the summit and called on the government to intervene.
The memory of the White War is likely to be lost due to the neglect and plunder of collectors and private dealers.
\"Thanks to the joint efforts of SAT volunteers and local government agencies, it took four summers from 2007 to 2010 to reopen the gallery.
After the staff of these organizations dug a tunnel on the ice, they used a huge hot conveyor belt to illuminate a space of 3-3 feet (62 meters)long, 16 feet (5 meters)
Width, 10 feet (3 meters)
High enough to accommodate 40 soldiers, just like it was more than 90 years ago.
Straw bunk beds, storage rooms, telephone operator stations, a small office with a desk commander, a large metal stove, and even a pile of wood to heat the entire space.
\"It\'s like walking into a huge unfrozen refrigerator,\" says gramera . \".
\"There was some food, dirty cotton swabs, bandages and a lot of related items on the floor, not just bullets, helmets and military equipment, but personal items for soldiers.
\"There is also a bag of dirty clothes, a deck of cards, a sewing bag and a small mirror with pictures of women in it.
The Italian army gathered around a mountain shelter.
During World War I, for the first time in human history, modern technology was brought to the highest mountain to build roads, cableways, telephones and wires for thousands of troops and shelter.
Many devices must be carried by hand.
\"We have catalogued and photographed each item, as in the archaeological site,\" said gramera . \".
For a while, we put them in the refrigerator that was lent to us by ice.
Cream makers from the valley to prevent them from spoiling.
\"The taste of history today, hikers can visit the space and be able to climb to the top of the mountain.
Australia last summer
Hungary post at 11,916 feet cableway station (3,632 meters)
Above sea level, Vioz Mountain is also open to the public.
The restoration operation was coordinated by Franco Nicolis, director of the Archaeological Heritage Division of Trentino province.
\"Archaeology is not only related to the ancient world,\" Nicolis said . \".
\"I also like to call it\" grandfather archaeology \". . . [
Where is the goal?
Rebuild the life of a space and the people who live there.
War memorabilia is still found at the Alpine border, revealing some information from the lives of soldiers on both sides, including gas masks, hats and glacier glasses (left)
A cross made of barbed wire (right).
Photo of National Geographic magazine Stefano Torrione \"Punta link touched me the most,\" he added, \"is the smell of wood, is tar paper for insulation, oil for cableway.
The sense of smell is a primitive feeling, a feeling that is almost an animal, which can be used as a time machine to send us back to 100 in an instant.
\"Cold casuescorno di Cavento and Punta Linke are just a few of the hundreds of locations that have been prepared for the first world war anniversary.
As the world continues to warm, more people will soon be found.
\"Over the past century and a half,\" says Christian Casarotto, an ice scientist at the trentos muses science museum. \"The addanilo glacier has retreated 2 kilometers [1. 2 miles]. At the lowest-
Altitude, up to 4 m 【13 feet]
Lose thickness every year.
On the left: there is a portrait of a woman in a framed mirror.
Oil light on the right.
Photos of National Geographic magazine Stefano Torrione
ItaliaThe unfreeze reveals more than just artifacts.
Unknown soldiers, victims of combat, or random bullets, avalanches, careless steps are melting from cold graves.
Including two Australia
The bodies of Hungarian soldiers who may have been killed by grenades were found on the presina Glacier on 2012.
Nicolis, who was involved in the recovery of these remains, said the soldiers were \"thrown at the bottom of the cracks there by Italian soldiers or their own soldiers, or perhaps some sales staff
But it was gone before their boots and other useful things were taken away.
\"However, one of them still has a spoon wrapped on the putter on his leg.
This is a common practice: In war, soldiers never know when they will eat, so they are like toothbrushes with spoons everywhere.
Daniel Godio, a forensic anthropologist at Vicenza, said both soldiers were young, about 18.
Gaudio has checked more than 50 bodies from the White War.
But \"unfortunately,\" he said, \"they are unlikely to be identified without a name tag.
The DNA of the body stored in the ice can be easily extracted, but it should be compared to the database of the whole population, which of course does not exist.
Temporary housing in Australia
Hungarian soldiers can still be seen on Car depot©Alto in the adamero region.
Soldiers often live for a year.
Under such conditions.
Photos of National Geographic magazine Stefano Torrione
\"Still,\" he added, \"We usually try to recreate a micro-
History of soldiers: presence of height, age and pathology.
Almost all of the spine have prominent disc or other signs of stress ,[usually]
More than 50 individuals were found today.
This means that they may be engaged in heavy work as farmers.
Many of them have severe tooth decay and abscess.
They fight in the midst of what we think is unbearable today.
\"Michelle Grevino is the staff editor of National Geographic, Italy.
Earlier this year, a longer version of the article was published in the Italian version.